Temple of Literature

The very first stop-over of any foreign tourist in Hanoi is always Van Mieu-Quoc Tu Giam (translated as Temple of Literature), which reveals the Hanoians’ spirit of study in the past!

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Situated  at the south of Thang Long citadel, is on top of the historical and beautiful  sightseeings of the beautiful capital of Vietnam. Please follow us in a  brief tour of exploring his beauty and deep values . This temple is near New  Vision Hotel (Www.NewVisionHotel.Com)

temple of literature
Temple of Literature

Historical meaning

Tourists,  particularly the foreign ones, now flock to the site for taking a look into its  profound traditional meanings of both a Confucion temple and the first university of Vietnam. Văn Miếu or Temple of Literature,  known as "pagode des Corbeaux" during the period of French  colonisation, was founded as a Confucian temple in 1070.
  Only  parts of the Văn Miếu complex date back to the earliest period, although much  of the architecture dates to the Ly (1010 – 1225) and Tran (1225 – 1400)  Dynasties. In 1076, Vietnam's  first university, the Quốc Tử Giám (or National  University), was established within  this temple to educate Vietnam's  mandarin class. The university functioned for more than 700 years, from 1076 to  1779, during which, 2,313 doctors graduated. Hence, the complex has been  attached to the name of Van Mieu-Quoc Tu Giam up to now.


A beauty-spot of  architectural values

This  ancient Confucian sanctuary is now considered one of Hanoi's finest historical and cultural sites.  “The ever special architetural style of Van Mieu dates back to the 11th  century, evoking an inspiration of classical creativeness of many of us”, one  of my tourists remarked. Just take a look into the art of architecture, you  will share the feeling! The temple is based on Confucius' birthplace at Qufu in  the Chinese province   of Shandong. It consists  of five courtyards lined out in order, entrance to the first, via the  impressive twin-tiered Van Mieu gate leads to three pathways that run through  the length of the complex. The centre path was reserved for the King only, the  one to its left for administrative Mandarins and the one to its right for  military Mandarins.

temple of literature

The  first two courtyards are peaceful havens of ancient trees and well-trimmed  lawns where the scholars could relax away from the bustle of the city outside  the thick stone walls. Entrance to the third courtyard is through the  dominating Khue Van Cac (constellation of literature), a large pavilion built  in 1802. Central to the this courtyard is the Thien Quang Tinh ("Well Of  Heavenly Clarity"), either side of which stand two great halls which house  the true treasures of the temple. These are 82 stone steles. Another 34 are  believed to have been lost over the years. They sit upon stone tortoises and  are inscribed with the names and birth places of 1306 men who were awarded  doctorates from the triennial examinations held here at the Quoc Tu Giam  ("National University")  between 1484 and 1780, when the capital was moved to Hue.
  The  fourth courtyard is bordered on either side by great pavilions which once  contained altersl of 72 of Confucius greatest students but which now contain  offices, a gift shop and a small museum which contains ink wells, pens, books  and personal artifacts belonging to some of the students that have studied here  through the years. At the far end of the courtyard is the altar with statues of  Confucius and his four closest disciples. The fifth courtyard contained the  Quoc Tu Giam, Vietnam's  first university founded in 1076 King Ly Can Duc, but this was destroyed by  French bombing in 1947.

temple of litetature

  Though  having gone through lots of restoration work, the temple still retains its very  first original shape, to be one of the visit-worthy sightseeings of Hanoi, captivating to a  huge number of tourists elsewhere.
  A  space of peace, green trees and solemnity covers the whole temple of historical  and traditional love for study, making tourists feel like they were lost in a land of Confucion and traditional values. If you  are in Hanoi,  you should really come and explore it yourself!


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